Source: www.acblunit390.org

In today’s competitive bidding environment, overcalls are made far more frequently. Without long discussion, it is difficult to know what to bid when opponents overcall 1NT – and what partner will understand by whatever action you take.

Lebensohl is a convention used to enable a better indication of the strength of the responder. Bids can be weak, invitational, or forcing to game.

Lebensohl Over 1NT Interference

Six Basic Concepts to Memorize

1.Responder’s Doubles & Redoubles over a 2-level bid are penalty-oriented

2.Responder’s Doubles over a 3-level bid are Take-out

3.If Responder bids 2NT, Opener MUST bid 3

4.Responder’s 2-level suit overcalls are to play

5.Responder’s 3-level suit overcalls are forcing

6.If a Responder’s auction includes 2NT, she has stopper.

After a NT Opening and an Opponent’s Overcall at the 2-level

Examples of bids that don’t change

1.After 1NT– DBL* – 2 is Stayman and all transfers apply (Systems On)

2.After 1NT– DBL* – RDBL shows most of the outstanding points – Gotcha!

3.After 1NT– 2 (artificial) – DBL is Stayman; all transfers apply (Systems On)

4.After 1NT – 2X (including 2 natural) – Double – is penalty-oriented

5.After 1NT – 2// – 3// (Q-bid) – Stayman for both majors or the other Major. This shows no stopper in the overcalled suit

6.After 1NT – 2X – 4  – is Gerber (asks for Aces)

7.After 1NT – 2X – 4 or 4 are Texas Transfer bids

8.After 1NT – 3X – Double is negative –  a 3-suit take-out

9.After 1NT – 3X – 3NT is to play and shows at least Qxx as a stopper

*typically, a strong, balanced hand

Note the difference in the 3 responding doubles

Examples of bids that don’t change much

1.After 1NT – 2X – 3NT  – shows values for 3NT, but no stopper in X

2.After 1NT – 2 – 3 – is a Stayman and denies a stopper in X

Examples of New Responses

  1.  2NT is artificial and forcing to 3, after which…

A Pass shows clubs and a weak hand

3 shows diamonds and a weak hand

A Q-bid is (sometimes) a transfer to the next-higher suit, and shows a stopper

3/ are invitational bids with 5+ cards in the bid suit

3NT shows sufficient values & a stopper in the overcalled suit (“Slow” Shows)

2.  3NT shows sufficient values, but no stopper in the overcalled suit, and no 5-card Major ( “Fast” Denies)

After a NT Opening and an Opponent’s 2Diamond SuitOvercall at the 2-level

After 1NT– 2(natural) – this is the easy one!

With 0-7 points, 2 or 2 is to play (weak)

With 0-11 points and/or a suit, 2NT is bid forcing a relay to 3.

This is either passed, raised, or corrected to another suit.

if  4 it is invitational (7+ to 9-) with a good, 6-card suit

if 3, it is a transfer to 3, with a diamond stopper

if  3or 3, it is shows 5+ and is invitational (7+ to 9-)

if 3NT is bid, it shows game values and a stopper

With 9+ points, and no stopper all four suits are bid at the 3 level, giving partner a chance to bid 3NT or game in the suggested suit

3shows both Majors, 9+ and is Stayman, without a diamond stopper

Note that with clubs, it is possible to stop in 4

With values for game, just bid it (remember Texas Transfers).

A bid of 4is Leaping Michaels, showing 5-5 in the Majors

Note That  2NT MUST be used in all invitational and forcing hands with a stopper!

After a NT Opening and an Opponent’s 2Heart SuitOvercall at the 2-level

After 1NT– 2

With 0-7 points, 2is to play (weak)

With 0-11 points and a suit 2NT is bid forcing a relay to 3.

This 3bid is either passed or corrected to another suit.

if 3, it shows 5+ and is weak (to play)

if 3 , it is a transfer, with 5+ spades,  a stopper and (7+ to 9-)

if 3 , it is shows 5+ spades, no stopper, and is invitational (7+ to 9-)

if 3NT is bid, it shows game values and a heart stopper

With 9+ points and no stopper,  all four suits are bid directly at the 3 level, giving partner a chance to bid 3NT or game in the suggested suit

Note that with diamonds, it is possible to stop in 4

A Q-bid of 3 is Stayman and denies a heart stopper

With values for game just bid it (remember Texas Transfers).

Note That  2NT MUST be used in all invitational and forcing hands with a stopper!

After a NT Opening and an Opponent’s 2Spade SuitOvercall at the 2-level

After 1NT– 2

With 0-7 points and hearts, pass and hope partner reopens

With 0-11 points and a suit, 2NT is bid forcing a relay to 3.

The 3response is either passed or corrected to another suit.

if 3, it shows 5+ and is weak (to play)

if  3, it is shows 5+ and is invitational (7+ to 9-)

if 3NT is bid, it shows game values and a spade stopper

With 9+ points (and no stopper),  all four suits are bid directly at the 3 level, giving partner a chance to bid 3NT or game in the suggested suit

Note that with diamonds, it is possible to stop in 4

Note: A Q-bid of 3 is a Western Q-bid and asks partner to bid 3NT with  Jxx, Qx or better (and guarantees Jxx, or Qx)

With values for game just bid it (remember Texas Transfers).

Note That  2NT MUST be used in all invitational and forcing hands with a stopper!

Review of Bids After You Open 1NT

Weak Sequences – should be passed

1.2 /// (nat)-2Y – Pass –

2.2 /// (nat)-2NT-Pass – 3 – Pass -3

Intermediate Sequences – may be passed

1.2 (art)-DBL is Stayman –  (Any 2-level suit bid is a transfer)

2.2 (nat) – Double (Penalty)

3.2// (nat) -2NT-Pass – 3– Pass – 3/

4.2NT (minors) – DBL (“I can double one of overcaller’s suits”) – 3x –

5.3/// – DBL (takeout) – Pass –

Strong Sequences – Anything  Else