Director’s report by Andrew Kambites

1NT: Weak (< or = 14)

This hand occurred in the championship pairs qualifying round. I would expect the above auction to be widely followed, though I would give some consideration to passing 1NT with the South hand. The point is that North/South have a maximum of 25 points, and game is unlikely to be better than borderline, even if opener is maximum. One of the themes of the Porec holiday has been the special criteria that should govern your bidding at duplicate pairs. Unlike vulnerable at teams, it doesn’t pay in the long run to bid thin games at pairs. However there are three things that would sway me to investigate game with the South hand. First the shape of 4-4-3-2 is far better than 4-3-3-3 because you have two suits that you might develop for length tricks. Second, while there are no tens the three nines look very useful. In particular the black nines in suits you are likely to want to develop look very useful. Third, there are no unsupported queens or jacks.

However the real point of this hand concerns how the play might develop after the various possible opening leads. So what would you lead as East? If the bidding had been straight 1NT-3NT a fourth best heart lead would be obvious, but the above auction has told East that declarer has four hearts. It is usually a bad idea to lead from a broken suit in your opponents’ suit, however you have five good hearts and almost any heart honour in partner’s hand would leave you with very powerful hearts sitting over declarer’s suit.

What are the alternatives? The bidding indicates that North/South have nothing much to spare for their contract so how about a passive lead? Maybe the Diamond Suit8 or club suit7 (MUD). In fact neither of these leads turns out to be as passive as you might think!

Declarer seems to have 8 obvious tricks: 2 spades (I told you theSpade Suit9 was likely to be useful), one heart, 3 diamonds and the club suitA K. He will need to play on spades but he will still require to find a ninth trick.

Suppose East leads the club suit7. Dummy plays the club suit9 and suddenly declarer has four club tricks. If declarer played clubs himself he would undoubtedly finesse dummy’s club suitJ, losing to West’s club suitQ. Leading away from tens is not necessarily passive.

Alternatively East might lead the Diamond Suit8. Dummy covers with the Diamond Suit9. Normal practice is that West should play the lower of touching honours, the Diamond Suit10. However here declarer wins the Diamond SuitA and can later finesse his Diamond Suit7, knowing that West must have the Diamond SuitJ. West can do better than this. The Diamond Suit8 cannot be a fourth highest (only the Diamond SuitA and Diamond SuitQ are missing) and if their methods are to lead MUD (Middle/UP/Down) from three small it cannot be a MUD lead either because he can see the Diamond Suit9 and Diamond Suit10. Therefore it must be top of a doubleton. West cannot conceal from declarer who has the Diamond SuitJ because there is no holding that East could have with the Diamond SuitJ that would result in the Diamond Suit8 being led, but he can muddy the waters by concealing theDiamond Suit0. West should play the Diamond SuitJ rather than the Diamond Suit10 at trick 1! After either of these leads the defenders cannot recover if declarer reads the hand correctly. Even if West gains the lead with the Spade SuitA and switches to the 10 declarer covers with the Heart SuitK. East wins the Heart SuitA and returns a low heart but declarer allows West’s Heart Suit8 to win. Declarer’s Heart Suit7 is just high enough to prevent the defenders taking three heart tricks.

How about a heart lead? East leads the Heart Suit6 to West’s Heart Suit10 and declarer’s Heart SuitK. Declarer leads a spade, taken by West’s Spade SuitA. West continues with the 8. Declarer doesn’t cover with the Heart SuitQ but East knows that North has no more hearts left because of his 2Heart Suit reply to Stayman. East overtakes the Heart Suit8 with his Heart Suit9 and with the Spade SuitK as an entry he continues with the Heart SuitA and Heart SuitJ, setting up a third heart trick which he cashes when he regains the lead with the Spade SuitK. Three heart tricks and the Spade SuitA K beat 3NT.

Both sides need to carefully watch the small cards here: an exercise in concentration and attention to detail.